Probiotics in beekeeping

Since 2006, the use of antibiotics as inhibitors has been prohibited in the EU husbandry. Therefore, natural substances have been recommended for improvement of animal vitality and health. Probiotics are representatives of such agents. The World Health Organization defines probiotics as “live microorganisms that exert a beneficial health effect on the host organism when applied in appropriate amounts”. 

After the withdrawal of fumagillin, there is no effective drug against Nosema disease in the European Union. It is already established that a balanced gut microbiota offers a wide range of metabolic, trophic and protective functions, supporting honey bees’ activities. The administered bacteria lead to a significant increase in brood population, pollen and harvestable honey in honey supers. The brood increase generates an expansion of bee colonies and consequently, a higher production of harvestable honey, as it was observed in recent study (Alberoni et al).

Aneta A Ptaszyńska, Borsuk Grzegorz, Wiesław Mułenko, Krzysztof Olszewski, Krzysztof Olszewski